What Are Tranquilizers
- Tranquilizers are a class of drugs that are capable of inducing a state of relaxation, or euphoria. They are typically used to help calm individuals who have severe mental health issues or who are prone to high anxiety levels. Other uses include preparation for surgery, to induce sleep, or to alleviate withdrawal symptoms for people who are undergoing medical detoxification from substance addictions.
- Tranquilizers are almost exclusively ingested in pill or capsule form. They are central nervous system depressant drugs classified as sedative-hypnotics. They function in the body by depressing the central nervous system, inducing a sedation-like state. They slow normal brain function, which may result in slurred speech, shallow breathing, sluggishness, fatigue, disorientation and lack of coordination or dilated pupils. Tranquilizers can also be referred to as hypnotics, downers, relaxants, antipsychotics, or sleeping pills. Street names of it include, “tranx”, “benzos”, “moggies”, or “bennies”.
- Tranquilizers can be broken into two different categories: major and minor. Major tranquilizers are also referred to as antipsychotics since they are primarily used to treat mental disorders, such as schizophrenia. Brand names for major tranquilizers include the following: Mellaril, Haldol, Navane, Thorazine, Prolixin. The category of minor tranquilizers is classified as benzodiazepines. These drugs are used for the therapeutic treatment of anxiety disorders, addiction withdrawal, seizures, insomnia, and muscle spasms. Brand name minor tranquilizers include the following: Xanax, Valium, Librium, Ativan, Klonopin.
- At therapeutic doses, tranquilizers generally relieve anxiety and may in some people induce a loss of inhibition and a feeling of well-being. Many tranquilizers tend to induce sleep. As the dose of the drug is increased, so are the degree of sedation and the impairment of mental acuity and physical coordination. Many users report lethargy, drowsiness, and dizziness after taking tranquilizers. Decreased motivation, irritability, nausea, headaches, skin rashes, impaired sexual functioning, menstrual irregularities, tremors, loss of appetite, or increased appetite, lethargy and over sedation, and vivid or disturbing dreams are all possible side effects of use. With regular use, they can create psychological and physical dependence similar to that of barbiturates.
Effects & Risks of Tranquilizers
- One of the main differences between the two categories of tranquilizers is that minor tranquilizers have the ability to produce a sense of euphoria in users making them prone to abuse the drug and thus development of the disease of addiction. In addition, because of the frequency which tranquilizers are prescribed by doctors, it is not uncommon for them to get abused. One of the most dangerous practices in the recreational or “illegal” use of tranquilizers is the combination of these drugs with other depressants, such as heroin, which can dramatically increase the risk of death.
- Several factors can contribute to the addiction of tranquilizers, as they cause dependency in several ways. Since tranquilizers have the capacity to produce a calming effect, the person using the drug typically desires more once the effect has subsided. When increased dosages of tranquilizers are consumed, a person will build a tolerance to the substance. This will leave the user not only desiring tranquilizers more frequently but also wanting increased quantities of them. Other causes are that individuals may become dependent on using the drug, both physically and psychologically. For example, if a tranquilizer is prescribed to relieve anxiety, a person may become dependent on the drug as it is used repeatedly to ease anxiety on a daily basis. Tranquilizer addicts may become dependent on feeling the “high” that is achieved when taking a tranquilizer and this can rapidly develop into an addiction. Tranquilizers may be sought as a temporary method of escaping pain, physically and emotionally, and individuals may find themselves trapped in the deadly cycle of addiction due to the fine line between medical use and recreational abuse.
- The recreational or illegal use of tranquilizers can harm the users body physically as it interferes with the normal mechanisms. In severe cases, death can occur, especially in the instance of overdose. A tranquilizer addiction can confuse an abuser’s perception of reality as well as disturb their mental and emotional well-being. The prolonged use of this drug will have a negative impact on an individual’s social life. People abusing tranquilizers will incur damage to the other facets of their lives as well, such as in their financial responsibilities, career, and work and familial duties. For the duration of time that tranquilizers are abused, addicts will continually experience these consequences until they seek professional medical help.
- The withdrawal from tranquilizers can be a dangerous process as the body has become dependent on the drug and a variety of unpleasant symptoms can be induced once the drug is no longer in the body’s systems. Symptoms can vary from person to person depending on how long drug have been abused. Because of the severity of the symptoms that can result, it is important that the withdrawal process take place under medical supervision. Withdrawal symptoms will usually begin anywhere from 6-36 hours after the last use of the drug. It is usually expected that symptoms worsen and reach the peak of discomfort around the first to second day of the withdrawal process. In certain situations, physicians may be able to prescribe a medication to help ease the discomfort that is experienced while withdrawing from tranquilizers. Treatment programs tailored specifically for tranquilizer addictions will have the necessary resources to help individuals safely withdraw from these substances. Tranquilizer Withdrawal symptoms can be: seizures, convulsions, psychotic episodes, chills, hot flashes, loss of appetite, night sweats, rapid breathing, confusion, altered reality, muscle aches, irritability and rage.